What is rtmp server?

In the early days of streaming, we talking about 1990′ , the Real-Time Messaging Protocol (RTMP) was the de facto standard for transporting video over the internet (or in laymen’s terms, for streaming). RTMP is a TCP-based protocol designed to maintain persistent, low-latency connections — and by extension, smooth streaming experiences.

The protocol started out as live and on-demand streaming with Adobe Flash Player. Because this popular Flash plugin powered 90% of internet browsers in its popular days, RTMP was used ubiquitously. From live streaming to on-demand, to games and to live video chat.

The majority of encoders today can transmit RTMP, and most media servers can receive it. Even big social media players like Facebook, YouTube, Twitch, and Periscope accept it. However, RTMP streams run into compatibility issues when it comes to playback on popular browsers and devices. And by the end of this year 2020 most browsers will stop supporting it.

In this article, we’ll take a look at the RTMP specification, the history behind RTMP streaming, and alternative protocols to use.

What Is RTMP?
The RTMP specification is a streaming protocol initially designed for the transmission of audio, video, and other media data between a dedicated streaming server and the Adobe Flash Player. While once proprietary, RTMP is now an open specification, with a number of servers, or softwares like red5, wowza streaming engine, Nginx, and Adobe Media server.

The RTMP protocol has multiple variations:

  • RTMP proper, the “plain” protocol which works on top of TCP and uses port number 1935 by default.
  • RTMPS, which is RTMP over a TLS/SSL connection.
  • RTMPE, which is RTMP encrypted using Adobe’s own security mechanism. While the details of the implementation are proprietary, the mechanism uses industry standard cryptographic primitives.[1]
  • RTMPT, which is encapsulated within HTTP requests to traverse firewalls. RTMPT is frequently found utilizing cleartext requests on TCP ports 80 and 443 to bypass most corporate traffic filtering. The encapsulated session may carry plain RTMP, RTMPS, or RTMPE packets within.
  • RTMFP, which is RTMP over UDP instead of TCP, replacing RTMP Chunk Stream. The Secure Real-Time Media Flow Protocol suite has been developed by Adobe Systems and enables end‐users to connect and communicate directly with each other (P2P).
  • While the primary motivation for RTMP was to be a protocol for playing Flash video, it is also used in some other applications, such as the Adobe LiveCycle Data Services ES.

I suggest that you order our free demo rtmp account at our site.

What is rtmp server

How to make a rtmp server?

The best 3 ways to make a RTMP server.

First what is a RTMP server and even before that what is RTMP?

RTMP (Real-Time Messaging Protocol) is an application-level protocol owned by Adobe. It was originally designed for delivering on-demand media and live media (i.e live audio, video, and data) over the Internet between a Flash player and RTMP Media Server. For example we have the HTMP protocol, that is the sites which you can see on the browser, so the HTMP protocol is for website. While the RTMP is for media, it allows media files, like video, audio, images which can be easily be transferred or streamed by other users.

So the a rtmp server is a normal server, or a vps, which has a rtmp software which can then be used to transfer this media files.

Now the important thing on all this is what is this software? And the main softwares that create the RTMP are

1- Flash Media Server, now changed to Adobe Media Server.

2- Red5

3- Wowza, now called, Live Streaming Engine.

And these are the 3 main RTMP servers or softwares, there are other like Nginx, but not so well known and not really used for production purposes.

How it all started, the RTMP?

It started with Adobe, they the ones who created this software with flash media server, it is a high quality software and it is very expensive, $4500 for the license.

But we must explain the issues with the RTMP, it is very popular some years ago, 2010 and about, every one wanted to make video chats, the problem is that flash is going to be disabled at the end of this year 2020 and video chats with flash will stop working.

But the RTMP has one incredible advantage, it is very fast between servers, a delay of 1 or 2 seconds of latency.

So RTMP will not go out soon because we can use for live streaming from the broadcaster to the server, using the RTMP and then on the server it is distributed on an.y device using instead of RTMP using HLS, which means HTTP Live Streaming.

The latency now is 20-25 seconds, so it cannot be used for video chats but is perfectly alright for live streaming and ondemand video streaming

Then we have Red5, which now has two versions the paid version called Red5 Pro and it is also expensive, difficult to manage but can be used for live streaming and for video chats.

Hosting Marketers uses the free open source software on all our servers, and it was the first shared hosting offering this service.

It is still used on some video chats but not sure what will happen after 2020….

You can read more about red5 on our old blog post “What is the use of Red5

Then we have Wowza, which is the one we mostly use on our RTMP servers, it is very stable, easy to manage and very high quality.

There are many reasons for using Wowza to provide HLS streaming services compared to a generic web server. You’ve essentially listed them yourself, though to provide a few specifics; Wowza’s HLS implementation includes robust DRM functionality, timed data events via ID3 tags, alternative audio tracks. More are listed here.

I would recommend reading our Quick Start Guide which covers the concepts involved. For more detail around the HLS capabilities I’d suggest you try our rtmp free trial account, on our site.

Church Live Streaming

We also use it for live streaming on sports and Church services with live streaming, we adjust the server to reduce the latency, wecan reduce to 5-6 seconds by making some adjustments.

iglesia en vivo | Cómo transmitir en vivo el servicio de tu iglesia: una guía práctica.

La propagación del Coronavirus (COVID-19) ha obligado a que las iglesias latinoamericanas cancelen la mayoría de sus reuniones y se pregunten cómo compartir la enseñanza bíblica usando la tecnología. Pero la transmisión Iglesia en vivo de un sermón o servicio dominical puede ser un desafío desalentador. Si perteneces a una iglesia que carece de los recursos para una transmisión, puedes usar esta guía práctica sobre lo que necesitas saber y tener para hacerla.

¿Qué plataforma debemos usar?
Las dos opciones más populares para la transmisión de videos en vivo son: Facebook y YouTube. Consideremos los beneficios y desafíos que nos ofrece cada una.

Facebook. Quizá sea el medio más fácil y accesible para una transmisión en vivo, pues la mayoría de iglesias ya tienen una cuenta. Sin embargo, hay al menos una desventaja notable, y es que el contenido que graben o transmitan desde esta plataforma permanecerá dentro de Facebook, y es difícil compartirlo por otros medios.

iglesia en vivo

A pesar de este desafío, Facebook Live puede tener sentido para tu iglesia, dependiendo de su presencia en esta red social, y de cómo desean manejar los videos una vez haya terminado la transmisión.

Te recomendamos hacer una prueba con la configuración en “privado”, de modo que puedas explorar la interfaz antes de hacer una transmisión pública por primera vez. Aquí encontrarás una guía paso a paso sobre cómo transmitir en vivo desde Facebook.

Youtube. Para transmitir en vivo desde esta plataforma necesitarás crear una cuenta para tu iglesia, la cual debe estar vinculada a una cuenta de Google. Si tu iglesia no tiene un canal de Youtube, aquí encontrarás una guía paso a paso para crearlo.

Una de las grandes ventajas de usar esta plataforma es la facilidad de compartir la transmisión y usar el contenido en otras plataformas como Facebook o la página web de la iglesia. Aquí encontrarás una guía paso a paso sobre cómo transmitir Iglesia en vivo desde Youtube.

Aunque existe una variedad de alternativas a Facebook y YouTube, incluso algunas creadas específicamente para iglesias, estas pueden resultar menos útiles por ser servicios pagados o tener menos soporte técnico.

Las mejores prácticas para la transmisión de los servicios dominicales
Cuando hayas elegido la plataforma para transmitir en vivo, debes considerar el orden y los elementos del servicio que vas a incluir. Aquí hay algunas preguntas comunes que te ayudarán a decidirlo.

  1. ¿Deberíamos transmitir un servicio completo o solo la predicación?

Primero, investiga si en tu país existen regulaciones sobre el uso de la música cristiana en eventos públicos o transmisiones en vivo. Usualmente las regulaciones sobre los derechos de autor son bastante complejas, y varían de lugar a lugar. Por eso, para evitar complicaciones de este tipo, te recomendamos omitir la parte musical del servicio en línea si representará un obstáculo mayor.

Segundo, evalúa si tienes el equipo y condiciones necesarias para transmitir la música en vivo. La experiencia de cantar junto a la iglesia los domingos es muy diferente a una transmisión en línea, y debes saber que la calidad de la producción musical podría distraer en lugar de edificar e invitar a la adoración.

Finalmente, selecciona la información que vas a compartir, como anuncios o instrucciones, puesto que una transmisión en línea llega a una audiencia mayor, y no solo a la membresía local.

  1. ¿Cómo debemos colocar la cámara, interactuar, y preparar el escenario?

La ubicación de la cámara se verá mejor cuando el ángulo está al nivel de los ojos del predicador. En un escenario ideal de transmisión en vivo, el pastor estará hablando directamente a la cámara, haciendo contacto visual con los espectadores del video. La iluminación simple en forma de lámparas, una luz de anillo o un kit de iluminación básico, pueden ser de gran ayuda para mejorar el video, dependiendo de la interacción del predicador con la cámara.

También es importante que el predicador evite el uso de camisas de color blanco, rojo o con estampados pequeños ya que estos factores pueden ocasionar problemas de visibilidad a la hora de la transmisión. Los colores pastel y sólidos, sin estampados, son adecuados para estos casos.

  1. ¿Qué tecnología debemos usar?

Cuando hablamos de equipos de grabación de video, hay algunas cosas básicas a considerar según tu presupuesto y las habilidades de tu equipo de colaboradores.

Nivel 1: Grabar con un teléfono celular. La fortaleza de este método está en su portabilidad y costo. Es prácticamente gratuito, a menos que desees reforzarlo con un soporte para el teléfono y un micrófono para mejorar el audio. La limitante de esta opción está en la calidad de la cámara y el audio del dispositivo.

Nivel 2: Grabar con una cámara dedicada. El equipo más usado para esta función es la cámara Mevo. Su costo oscila entre los 500 a 1000 dólares y proporciona una excelente solución para una transmisión en vivo. Supera la calidad de un teléfono móvil, conserva parte de la informalidad de la plataforma, y proporciona una solución de video de punto fijo razonable. Con esta opción podrás transmitir tanto en Facebook como en YouTube al mismo tiempo.

Nivel 3: Grabar con Boxcast. Por 100 dólares mensuales obtienes el hardware y el software necesarios para transmitir tu servicio en la web. También necesitarás invertir en cámaras capaces de capturar videos en alta calidad (HD), con un costo entre los 500 y 1000 dólares por cámara, así como un micrófono y amplificación de alta calidad (probablemente funcione uno que tu iglesia ya usa).

Otras soluciones de software para computadoras como Restream y OBS (este último es gratuito y con muchas herramientas), pueden lograr algunos de los resultados de Boxcast, pero requerirán un poco más de experiencia y conocimiento técnico.

El nivel apropiado para tu iglesia
Para tomar una decisión sobre cuál nivel es el apropiado para tu iglesia, considera los siguientes factores:

Presupuesto: El nivel 1 costará entre 0 y 50 dólares. El nivel 2 está entre 500 y 1000 dólares. Y el nivel 3 requiere una inversión de 1200 dólares por año, con costos iniciales de alrededor de 1000 dólares.

Colaboradores: Habla con el equipo de colaboradores para determinar con qué instrumentos y plataforma se sienten más cómodos o qué experiencia han tenido usando alguna de estas opciones. Al mismo tiempo, ten cuidado de no comprometerte con métodos complejos de hardware, software, o transmisión que no funcionarán a menos que un solo miembro del equipo pueda ejecutarlos.

Visión: Aunque tu Iglesia en vivo haga un compromiso temporal con la transmisión en vivo, la planificación inteligente de inversión durante este tiempo puede generar dividendos para el ministerio en el futuro. Por lo tanto, asegúrate de que las compras que realicen o los métodos que prueben les sirvan a largo plazo.

Piensa en el uso y aprovechamiento futuro de esta tecnología si deciden continuar transmitiendo los servicios en vivo o si empiezan a producir otros recursos para la edificación de la iglesia.

Comienza con poco y empieza a crecer
Cuando se trata de transmisión en vivo, la recomendación es comenzar con poco y crecer con el tiempo. No te decepciones si tu primer intento es un desastre, pero asegúrate de informarte, toma nota de los comentarios, examina los análisis, y haz que el próximo intento sea un éxito.

Busca las maneras de mejorar mientras ayudas a otras iglesias a crecer en sus capacidades también. Oramos que en esta época de limitaciones para reunirnos, el Señor nos permita optimizar el uso de la tecnología para la edificación de la iglesia y la gloria de su nombre.

Iglesia en vivo

Hosting Marketers svelano i servizi di streaming in diretta dalla Chiesa.

Chiesa Diretta Streaming: i vantaggi che non avevi nemmeno pensato

Con l’avvento dell’era Covid-19, le persone sono agli arresti domiciliari. Riguarda tutto ciò che facciamo, che si tratti di istruzione, avanzamento di carriera, shopping, intrattenimento, comunicazione e persino relazioni. Qualunque cosa tu voglia fare, le nostre libertà sono limitate! Ma con una delle moderne tecniche online che ha rivoluzionato il mondo in cui viviamo è la trasmissione in diretta. Questa opzione Chiesa Diretta Streaming ti consente di trasmettere tutte le attività tramite webcam, smartphone e altri dispositivi per raggiungere le persone di cui hai bisogno per motivi di lavoro o personali.

I server di streaming in diretta sono diventati molto popolari al giorno d’oggi. E non c’è da stupirsi, perché aiuta le persone a unirsi e comunicare tra loro, indipendentemente dal paese in cui vivono. Inoltre, questo metodo online può essere estremamente utile per i servizi di streaming diretta della chiesa, la trasmissione dei tuoi servizi, lo streaming di funerali, la ritrasmissione di eventi nella vita della chiesa, mantenendo le persone che hanno più bisogno in questo momento di sentirsi in contatto con la loro chiesa.
Di seguito sono riportati i principali vantaggi offerti dallo streaming live in questi giorni:

Un’occasione per raggiungere più fedeli.
Sia che tu preveda di trasmettere il tuo servizio di chiesa in streaming dal vivo e i servizi domenicali o di rendere il tuo evento speciale della vita accessibile ad altri, non sarai in grado di vivere senza streaming. La tecnica ti permetterà di raggiungere più persone che al momento non possono essere presenti.

Questo è molto conveniente per te e per loro. Il fatto è che non è sempre possibile partecipare a un evento a causa del blocco del coronavirus. Con lo streaming live, puoi sentirti parte dell’evento anche se non ci sei fisicamente. Ma non è quello!

Questa straordinaria tecnica ti consente anche di invitare tutte le persone di cui hai bisogno per partecipare all’evento, il che a volte è impossibile quando inviti persone a casa tua.La scelta del contenuto

Chiesa Diretta Streaming

Se pensi che lo streaming live riguardi solo audio e video, ti sbagli. Questa tecnica ti consente anche di selezionare e mostrare tutti i file al tuo pubblico, inclusi articoli, presentazioni PowerPoint, foto, immagini e altro. Puoi anche chattare con utenti che scambiano messaggi e altri file online. Il tuo stream può essere aggiunto su quasi tutti i dispositivi e Hosting Marketers è qui per guidarti e aiutarti passo dopo passo.

Semplicità e convenienza
Church Live Streaming non è solo funzionale e pratico da utilizzare su base giornaliera. È anche piuttosto semplice. Se ritieni di aver bisogno di attrezzature o software costosi per creare il tuo canale, sarai sorpreso di scoprire che non ti serve tutto questo.

Ciò di cui hai bisogno è ovviamente una webcam con microfono, codificatore e accesso a Internet integrati. Se lo possiedi già, dovrai concentrarti sulla scelta della piattaforma di streaming diretta più affidabile, che fornisce video e immagini di alta qualità.

A proposito, non devi essere un professionista della tecnologia per sapere come utilizzare il sistema.

Segui semplicemente le istruzioni fornite dal servizio per configurare correttamente il programma. L’Hosting Marketers ti guiderà passo dopo passo nella creazione della tua trasmissione della Chiesa, siamo qui per aiutarti.

Abbiamo trasmesso in streaming servizi religiosi dal 2009.

Accessibilità mobile
L’uso degli smartphone per navigare in Internet è molto comodo e ti consente di cercare tutte le informazioni direttamente in viaggio. Ecco perché devi assicurarti che il tuo diretta streaming sia accessibile anche su smartphone e altri dispositivi mobili.

Ecco come raggiungerai il pubblico target in modo più efficace per ottenere il risultato desiderato.



Hosting Marketers Unveils Church Live Streaming Services

Church Live Streaming: The benefits you had not even thought of

With the advent of the Covid-19 era, people are in house arrest. It’s about everything we do, whether it’s education, career advancement, shopping, entertainment, communication and even relationships. Whatever you want to do, our freedoms are restrained! But with one of the modern online techniques that has revolutionized the world we live in is live broadcasting. This option Church Live Streaming allows you to broadcast all activities via web cameras, smartphones, and other devices to reach the people you need for business or personal purposes.

Live streaming servers have become very popular nowadays. And no wonder, because it helps people to join and communicate with each other, regardless of the country in which they live. In addition, this online method can be tremendously useful live streaming church services, broadcasting your services, streaming funerals, re-transmitting events in the life of the church, keeping people who need most at this time to feel connected to their church.

Below are the key benefits that live streaming offers all these days:

A chance to reach more Churchgoers.

Whether you plan to broadcast your live streaming church service and Sunday services or make your special life event accessible to others, you will not be able to live without streaming. The technique will allow you to reach more people who cannot be present at the moment. This is very convenient for you and for them. The fact is that it is not always possible to attend an event due to coronavirus lock down. With live streaming, you can feel part of the event even if you are not physically there. But it’s not that! This amazing technique also allows you to invite as many people as you need to participate in the event, which is sometimes impossible when you invite people to your home.

Church Live Streaming

The choice of content

If you think live streaming is only about audio and video, you’re wrong. This technique also allows you to select and show all the files to your audience, including articles, PowerPoint presentations, photos, images, and more. You can also chat with users who exchange messages and other files online. Your stream can be added on nearly every device, and Hosting Marketers is here to guide and help you step by step.

Simplicity and convenience

Church Live Streaming is not only functional and practical to use on a daily basis. It’s also pretty simple. If you think that you will need expensive equipment or software to create your own channel, you will be surprised to discover that you do not need all this. What you need is a web camera with a built-in microphone, encoder, and internet access, of course. If you already have this, you will need to focus on choosing the most reliable live streaming platform, which provides high quality videos and images. By the way, you do not have to be a technology professional to know how to use the system. Just follow the instructions provided by the service to configure the program correctly. Hosting Marketers will guide you step by step on setting up your Church broadcast, we are here to help you.

We’ve been streaming church services since 2009.

Mobile accessibility

Using smartphones to browse the Internet is very convenient and allows you to search for all information directly on the go. That’s why you need to make sure your live stream is also accessible on smartphones and other mobile devices. Here’s how you will reach the target audience more effectively to achieve the desired result.

More information is available at https://hosting-marketers.com/church-live-streaming/ .

Media contact:

Chris Black

info@hosting-marketers.com

(1) 212 252 2449

Hosting Marketers Press Release

April, 2020

Related Links

https://www.hosting-marketers.com

how to reduce HTTP Live Streaming (HLS) latency with Wowza Streaming Engine?

HTTP Live Streaming (HLS) is here to stay, it works everywhere, high quality and stability, but latency or delays between the stream and the end user can be 60-90 seconds, if you streaming live events that can be a very big issue, imagine Sports betting?
But with Wowza Streaming Engine it is possible to reduce the latency to 3 to 5 seconds.
It is not good enough but for now there is no other solution.

Below we have some adjustments that using the Wowza Streaming Engine Manage, we can easily improve, although of course there are some negative components.

This risks inherent of the configuration adjustements are due to smaller chunk sizes may result in playback errors if you fail to increase the number of seconds built into the playlist. If a stream is interrupted, and the player requests the next playlist, the stream may be interrupted when the playlist doesn’t arrive.

Additionally, by increasing the number of segments that are needed to create and deliver low-latency streams, you also increase the server cache requirements. To alleviate this concern, ensure that your server has a large enough cache, or built-in elasticity. You will also need to account for greater CPU and GPU utilization resulting from the increased number of keyframes. This requires careful planning for load balancing, with the understanding that increased computing and caching overhead incurs a higher cost of operation.

Lastly, as chunk sizes are smaller, the overall quality of the video playback can be impacted. This may result into either not being able to deliver full 4K video to the player, or small playback glitches with an increased risk of packet loss. Essentially, as you increase the number of bits (markers on the chunks), you require more processing power to provide smooth playback; without it, you get packet loss and interruptions.

A- In Wowza Streaming Engine Manager, click the Applications tab and then click live in the contents panel.

On the details page Properties tab, click Cupertino Streaming Packetizer in the Quick Links bar.

In the Cupertino Streaming Packetizer area, click Edit, and change the values for the following properties:

1- cupertinoChunkDurationTarget- Set the duration of each chunk in milliseconds. The default value is 10000, but the chunkDurationTarget must be smaller to reduce the latency of Apple HLS streams. For a one-second chunk size, set the value to 1000.

2- cupertinoMaxChunkCount- Sets the maximum number of chunks Wowza Streaming Engine stores in the available chunk list. The default value is 10, but for reduced latency streaming we recommend storing 50 seconds worth of chunks. For one-second chunks, set the cupertinoMaxChunkCount to 50; if you’re using half-second chunks, the value should be doubled (100).

3- cupertinoPlaylistChunkCount- Sets the number of items returned to the player in the playlist. The default value is 3, but for reduced latency streaming we recommend returning 12 seconds of data to the player. This prevents the loss of chunks between chunklist requests. For one-second chunks, set the cupertinoPlaylistChunkCount to 12; if you’re using half-second chunks, the value should be doubled (24).

ClickSave.

B- On the Properties tab, click Customin the Quick Links bar.

In the Custom area, click Edit.

Click Add Custom Property, specify the following custom property settings in the Add Custom Property dialog box, and then click Add:

1- In Path, select /Root/Application/LiveStreamPacketizer.

2- In Name, enter cupertinoMinPlaylistChunkCount.

3- In Type, select Integer.

4- In Value, specify the minimum number of chunks required before Wowza Streaming Engine provides a playlist to the player. The default value is 1, but for reduced latency streaming we recommend requiring a minimum of 6 seconds worth of chunks. For one-second chunks, set the cupertinoMinPlaylistChunkCount to 6; if you’re using half-second chunks, the value should be doubled (12).

Click Save and restart the application to apply the changes.

Done, try now. Or just contact Hosting Marketers and order our RTMP Wowza with our shared hosting Wowza Engine.